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J Multidiscip Care. 2023;12(3): 143-151.
doi: 10.34172/jmdc.1265
  Abstract View: 245
  PDF Download: 179

Original Article

The impact of a theory of planned behavior-based training on the behavioral intention of childless couples in Shahrekord

Ziba Raisi Dehkordi 1 ORCID logo, Elham Adib Moghaddam 2 ORCID logo, Simindokht Babaeifar 3 ORCID logo, Ali Delgarm Shams-Abadi 3 ORCID logo, Hadis Sourinejad 4* ORCID logo

1 Community-Oriented Nursing Midwifery Research Center, Nursing and Midwifery school, Shahrekord University of Medical Sciences, Shahrekord, Iran
2 Counseling and Reproductive Health Research Centre, Golestan University of Medical Sciences, Gorgan, Iran
3 Student Research Committee, Shahrekord University of Medical Sciences, Shahrekord, Iran
4 Student Research Committee, School of Nursing and Midwifery, Lorestan University of Medical Sciences, Khorramabad, Iran
*Corresponding Author: Hadis Sourinejad, Email: hadis.s236@yahoo.com, Email: hadis.s236@yahoo.com

Abstract

Background and aims: Childbearing is known to be the most critical change factor in population construction. So, the present study was conducted to investigate the impact of childbearing education based on the theory of planned behavior (TPB) on the behavioral intention of childless couples.

Methods: The present field trial was conducted on 70 childless referred to holistic health centers in Shahrekord in 2022. The study setting was selected by cluster sampling, and the participants were selected by convenience sampling. The instruments used were a checklist of demographic characteristics/childbearing and a questionnaire of childbearing intention. Both groups completed the questionnaire before, immediately, and one month after the intervention. Data were analyzed using SPSS 26. A P value<0.05 was considered a significance level.

Results: At baseline, there was no significant difference in the mean scores of TPB constructs, i.e., attitude, social norm, perceived behavioral control, and behavioral intention, between the two groups (P>0.05). However, the mean scores obtained for the constructs in the intervention group immediately and one month after the intervention were significantly different from those in the control group (P<0.05). Also, the mean scores on the constructs in the intervention group increased immediately and one month after the intervention, indicating education’s impact on the childbearing intention (P<0.05).

Conclusion: Training based on TPB increases the childbearing intention in childless couples; it is therefore recommended to create a social support system and design interventions with a further focus on using this model in educational programs related to population growth policies and encouraging couples to have children.


Cite this article as: Raisi Dehkordi Z, Adib Moghaddam E, Babaeifar S, Delgarm Shams-Abadi A, Sourinejad H. The impact of a theory of planned behavior-based training on the behavioral intention of childless couples in Shahrekord. Journal of Multidisciplinary Care. 2023;12(3):143–151. doi: 10.34172/jmdc.1226.
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Submitted: 11 Sep 2023
Accepted: 21 Sep 2023
ePublished: 29 Sep 2023
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