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J Multidiscip Care. 2023;12(2): 97-103.
doi: 10.34172/jmdc.1172
  Abstract View: 150
  PDF Download: 94

Original Article

Effects of psychodrama and cognitive behavioral therapy on assertiveness skills of women with marital conflicts

Mahin Tahvilian 1 ORCID logo, Elham Foroozandeh 1* ORCID logo, Seyed Mostafa Banitaba 1 ORCID logo

1 Department of Psychology, Naein Branch, Islamic Azad University, Naein, Iran
*Corresponding Author: *Corresponding Author: Elham Foroozandeh, Email:, Email: foroozandehel@gmail.com

Abstract

Background and aims: A lack of assertiveness can worsen marital conflicts and cause psychological symptoms. The present study aimed to investigate the effects of psychodrama and cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT) on the assertiveness skills of women with marital conflicts.

Methods: This quasi-experimental study was conducted on all married women with marital conflicts visiting the counseling departments of cultural centers at the Municipality of Isfahan (Iran) in 2021. Cluster sampling was employed to select 60 women, who were then assigned to three 20-member groups called CBT, psychodrama, and control using a simple random method. The participants completed the Assertion Inventory before and after the intervention and 60 days after the post-test. The repeated measures ANOVA via SPSS-22 was then used for data analysis.

Results: The mean (±SD) of the post-test score of assertiveness skills in the psychodrama and CBT groups was 123.40 (±23.83) and 111.25 (±22.77), respectively, which was different from the control group (83.20 (±21.24)). According to the results, CBT and psychodrama affected the assertiveness components of women with marital conflicts instead of control cases (P<0.001). Furthermore, there were no significant differences between CBT and psychodrama regarding effects on women’s assertiveness components.

Conclusion: Considering the positive effects of CBT and psychodrama on improving assertiveness, it is recommended that counseling and psychotherapy centers help women with marital conflict improve their assertiveness skills by providing suitable conditions for conducting CBT and psychodrama sessions.


Cite this article as: Tahvilian M, Foroozandeh E, Banitaba SM. Effects of psychodrama and cognitive behavioral therapy on assertiveness skills of women with marital conflicts. Journal of Multidisciplinary Care. 2023;12(2):97–103. doi: 10.34172/jmdc.1172.
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Submitted: 28 Feb 2023
Accepted: 24 Jun 2023
ePublished: 30 Jun 2023
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