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J Multidiscip Care. 2023;12(2): 56-62.
doi: 10.34172/jmdc.113
  Abstract View: 99
  PDF Download: 105

Original Article

Investigating the self-care status of pregnancy and its relationship with social support and anxiety caused by corona disease in pregnant women following the implementation of the national COVID-19 vaccination program

Fariba Fathollahi-Dehkordi 1 ORCID logo, Forouzan Ganji 1 ORCID logo, Leili Rabiei 2* ORCID logo, Zahra Roghani 3 ORCID logo

1 Department of Community Medicine, Social Determinants of Health Research Center, Shahrekord University of Medical Sciences, Shahrekord, Iran
2 Department of Public Health, Social Determinants of Health Research Center, Shahrekord University of Medical Sciences, Shahrekord, Iran
3 Social Determinants of Health Research Center, Shahrekord University of Medical Sciences, Shahrekord, Iran
*Corresponding Author: Leili Rabiei, Email: , Email: leila_rabiei@yahoo.com

Abstract

Background and aims: COVID-19 has adverse effects on health. The best way to prevent it is vaccination. One of the high-risk groups for COVID-19 is pregnant women. Self-care of pregnancy can reduce the adverse consequences of pregnancy, which are affected by many factors. The present study aims to investigate the self-care status of pregnancy and its relationship with social support and anxiety caused by Corona in pregnant women following the implementation of the national vaccination program for COVID-19.

Methods: A total of 199 pregnant women from comprehensive health service centers were included in the study and completed self-care questionnaires during pregnancy, social support, and anxiety questionnaires caused by corona. Data were analyzed by SPSS 18 software.

Results: The average score of self-care was 41.19±5.21, the average score of social support was 65.14±11.45, and the average score of anxiety caused by Corona was 10.64±8.93. The Pearson correlation test showed that self-care was significantly associated with social support (P<0.05, r: 0.347) but not coronavirus anxiety. The regression model showed that social support is the strongest predictor of pregnancy self-care (P<0.001).

Conclusion: Considering the favorable score of self-care and social support and the low score of corona anxiety of the participants in the study and comparing with the results of other studies in the COVID-19 pandemic and before vaccination, it seems that COVID-19 vaccination had a significant effect on the results. However, longitudinal studies are suggested to ensure the results.


Cite this article as: Fathollahi Dehkordi F, Ganji F, Rabiei L, Roghani Z. Investigating the self-care status of pregnancy and its relationship with social support and anxiety caused by corona disease in pregnant women following the implementation of the national COVID-19 vaccination program. Journal of Multidisciplinary Care. 2023;12(2):56–62. doi: 10.34172/jmdc.113.
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Submitted: 19 Oct 2022
Accepted: 15 Jun 2023
ePublished: 30 Jun 2023
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