Background and aims: COVID-19 has adverse effects on health. The best way to prevent it is vaccination. One of the high-risk groups for COVID-19 is pregnant women. Self-care of pregnancy can reduce the adverse consequences of pregnancy, which are affected by many factors. The present study aims to investigate the self-care status of pregnancy and its relationship with social support and anxiety caused by Corona in pregnant women following the implementation of the national vaccination program for COVID-19.
Methods: A total of 199 pregnant women from comprehensive health service centers were included in the study and completed self-care questionnaires during pregnancy, social support, and anxiety questionnaires caused by corona. Data were analyzed by SPSS 18 software.
Results: The average score of self-care was 41.19±5.21, the average score of social support was 65.14±11.45, and the average score of anxiety caused by Corona was 10.64±8.93. The Pearson correlation test showed that self-care was significantly associated with social support (P<0.05, r: 0.347) but not coronavirus anxiety. The regression model showed that social support is the strongest predictor of pregnancy self-care (P<0.001).
Conclusion: Considering the favorable score of self-care and social support and the low score of corona anxiety of the participants in the study and comparing with the results of other studies in the COVID-19 pandemic and before vaccination, it seems that COVID-19 vaccination had a significant effect on the results. However, longitudinal studies are suggested to ensure the results.