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J Multidiscip Care. 2022;11(2): 71-76.
doi: 10.34172/jmdc.2022.1389
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Original Article

The study of the relationship between social capital and mental disorders in children and adolescents in Kohgiloyeh and Boyer Ahmad province, Iran

Leila Jouybari 1 ORCID logo, Arian Tavasol 2 ORCID logo, Ramtin Hajibeygi 3 ORCID logo, Mobina Fathi 2 ORCID logo, Farzad Nikrouy 4* ORCID logo, Arefeh Mirzabeigi 5 ORCID logo, Soheila Elahi 6 ORCID logo, Mohammad Reza Godarzi 6 ORCID logo, Maryam Moradi 6 ORCID logo, Khadijeh Rahmani 6 ORCID logo, Fateme Najafi 6 ORCID logo, Seyed-Ali Mostafavi 7 ORCID logo, Mohammad Reza Mohammadi 7 ORCID logo, Ali Khaleghi 7 ORCID logo

1 Nursing Research Center, Goletsan University of Medical Sciences, Gorgan, Iran
2 Student Research Committee, Faculty of Medicine, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran
3 Student Research Committee, Faculty of Medicine, Tehran Medical Sciences, Islamic Azad University, Tehran, Iran
4 Department of Counseling and Psychology, University of Hormozgan, Bandar Abbas, Iran
5 Department of Personality Psychology, Science and Research Branch, Islamic Azad University, Tehran, Iran
6 Social Determinants of Health Research Center, Yasuj University of Medical Sciences, Yasuj, Iran
7 Psychiatry and Psychology Research Center, Roozbeh hospital,Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran
*Corresponding Author: Corresponding Author: Farzad Nikrouy, Email: , Email: Farzadn1992@gmail.com

Abstract

Background and aims: Social capital, by encouraging people to collaborate and engage in social interactions, has been considered as an effective factor for development of mental disorders. In the preset study, we aimed to investigate the relationship between different aspects of social capital and psychiatric disorders in children and adolescents.

Methods: This study was conducted between 2016 and 2017 in Kohgiloyeh and Boyer-Ahmad province, Iran. A total of 1001 children and adolescents aged 6-18 years and their parents were randomly selected using multistage cluster sampling to participate in the study. The data in the present study were compiled using a Persian translated version of the Kiddie-SADS-Present and Lifetime Version (K-SADS-PL) semi-structured questionnaire as well as the Social Capital Questionnaire of Nahapiet and Ghoshal. The raw data were analyzed statistically using Fisher and chi-square tests. The statistical analysis was performed using SPSS 16.0 version.

Results: Our results show that better relationship, cooperation, mutual understanding, and commitment are significantly and inversely correlated to psychiatric disorders among children and adolescents. In this regard we found that the mutual understanding (P=0.008) and relationships (P=0.001) are strongly related to social capital, while other components may have more or less effects.

Conclusion: Our findings show that various aspects of social capital are associated with development of psychiatric disorders in children and adolescents. Some of the social capital components including better relationship, cooperation, mutual understanding, and obligation have significant effects; however, others including networks, values and trust could not exert significant effects on mental health.


Cite this article as: Jouybari L, Tavasol A, Hajibeygi R, Fathi M, Nikrouy F, Mirzabeigi A, et al. The study of the relationship between social capital and mental disorders in children and adolescents in kohgiloyeh and boyer ahmad province, iran. Journal of Multidisciplinary Care. 2022;11(2):71-76. doi: 10.34172/ jmdc.2022.1389.
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