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J Multidiscip Care. 2021;10(4): 173-179.
doi: 10.34172/jmdc.2021.33
  Abstract View: 30
  PDF Download: 23

Systematic Review

Burnout, posttraumatic stress disorder, and sleep quality among nurses during the COVID-19 pandemic: a systematic review

Farzin Bagheri Sheykhangafshe 1* ORCID logo, Fereshteh Rezaeinasab 2 ORCID logo, Soofia Heidari Kamrody 3 ORCID logo, Yasaman Larijani 4 ORCID logo, Mostafa Asgari 5 ORCID logo

1 PhD Candidate in Psychology, Faculty of Humanities, Tarbiat Modares University, Tehran, Iran.
2 PhD in Health Psychology, Karaj Branch, Islamic Azad University, Karaj, Iran
3 Assistant Professor, Department of Psychology Farhangian University, Tehran, Iran
4 MA Student in Psychology and Education of Exceptional Children, Department of Psychology, Faculty of Literature and Human Sciences, University of Guilan, Rasht, Iran
5 MA in Clinical Child and Adolescent Psychology, Faculty of Psychology and Educational Sciences, University of Tabriz, Tabriz, Iran
Corresponding Author: Farzin Bagheri Sheykhangafshe, Address: Department of Psychology, Faculty of Humanities, Tarbiat Modares University, Tehran, Iran. Email: farzinbagheri@ modares.ac.ir

Abstract

Background and aims: Nurses are in direct contact with healthcare clients. Infectious diseases epidemics, such as the coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic, cause high levels of stress for nurses. The aim of this study was to evaluate burnout, posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD), and sleep quality (SQ) among nurses during the COVID-19 pandemic.

Methods: In this review, the Google Scholar, PubMed, ISI, Scopus, EMBASE, and Psych INFO databases were searched using the keywords “posttraumatic stress disorder”, “burnout”, “sleep quality”, “nurse”, “mental health”, and “coronavirus disease 2019” to find relevant studies published in English between May 2020 to July 2021. The Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses (PRISMA) statement was used to appraise the quality of the retrieved studies.

Results: The prevalence rates of burnout, PTSD, and low SQ were 25%–60%, 16%–68%, and 18%–38%, respectively. Nurses’ gender, job satisfaction, affiliated hospital ward, work experience, levels of stress and anxiety, and care provision in the frontline of COVID-19 care affected the prevalence of burnout, PTSD, and low SQ.

Conclusion: Burnout, PTSD, and low SQ are highly prevalent among nurses during the COVID-19 pandemic. Psychological counseling centers in hospitals need to provide nurses with training and counseling about the management of their mental health problems.

Keywords: Coronavirus disease 2019, Burnout, Posttraumatic stress disorder, Sleep quality, Nurse
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Submitted: 13 May 2021
Accepted: 13 Dec 2021
ePublished: 30 Dec 2021
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